John T O’Shea Chairing the meeting
This Season’s 1st Technical Meeting of the London Branch was held on Thursday 26th September. This was a Joint Meeting with the Society of Chemical Industry (SCI) at their Headquarter’s newly refurbished auditorium in Belgravia. By coincidence, this was the location where ICorr S&T was formed and was the base of the Headquarters for a number of years. The late David Deacon also had offices here. The audience of over 70, included Professor Ken Grattan, OBE, FREng, who is the Dean of the Graduate School at City, University of London and who agreed to give the Vote of Thanks. Also present was Gareth Hinds of NPL, President of ICorr and Dr Richard Morrison, President of BeBC.
Professor Ken Grattan, OBE, FREng
The Evening Chairman, John T O’Shea, introduced Dr Fred Parrett, Hon Treasurer of the SCI London Group, who gave the first presentation on the laying of the first Transatlantic Telegraph Cables.
The electric telegraph was first developed by Samuel F. B. Morse, in 1832, who developed Morse Code. Land based cables to use the telegraph soon followed, and within a decade, more than 20,000 miles of telegraph cable criss-crossed the USA and the UK and Europe. Trials of underwater cable were undertaken by Samuel Morse across New York Harbour in 1842 and Charles Wheatstone across Swansea Bay in 1844. In 1851 a cable crossed the English Channel.
The problems of laying a cable across the Atlantic were a greater challenge, not just the technical and logistical problems, but financing such a great undertaking. The first attempt in 1857 failed when the cable broke, and could not be recovered. New finance was arranged and in Aug 1858 they succeeded, when the first transatlantic telegraph message was transmitted. Unfortunately the cable failed after only three weeks, it is thought due to breakdown of the cable insulation when voltages of a few thousand volts were used to try and speed up transmission speed.
It took another 7 years before new finance was arranged and improved cable designs were developed for the next attempt. For this Brunel’s ship the Great Eastern was acquired, the largest ship in the world, In 1865 it almost succeeded, starting in Valentia Bay , Ireland it reached 600 miles from Newfoundland when the cable again broke. The final success came one year later in August 1866 when the cable finally crossed the Atlantic and permanent telegraph communication established. The 1866 transatlantic cable could transfer 8 words a minute, and initially it cost $100 to send 10 words. $100 translates to about $1,340 today, mainly used by the British and American governments and large corporations.
Dr Fred Parrett giving presentation on the laying of the first Transatlantic Telegraph Cables
The second presentation was given by Trevor Osborne, a Past President of ICorr and a Past Chairman of London Branch, on 50 Years of Oil and Gas Offshore Corrosion Control Experience and Transfer of Technology to Offshore Renewables.
Development of offshore structure corrosion control in the North Sea, and all around the world, has been on going for decades, in fact close to 50 years and possibly longer in some parts. Given this long experience corrosion engineers rightly considered that all aspects of barrier coatings and cathodic protection were honed to a fine art and as a result one system followed another with great success, in fact Trevor has been involved in many offshore structure designs with responsibility for painting, coating, CP, biocides, inhibitors and other aspects of corrosion control. However the fabrication and installation of new offshore structures in the oil and gas market has declined greatly and that work load has in part been replaced by the upsurge in renewable energy requirements. Specifically the replacement workload has been in offshore wind generation in the form of monopiles, transition pieces and substation fixed jackets. All exposed parts of each structure need to be addressed from a corrosion perspective if the asset is to be protected and the lifetime met.
The presentation walked through the period of time from early offshore structure design and construction for the oil and gas markets to the painful transition to wind energy, including the attendant problems that have occurred along the way and what should have been an easy transformation but often times was not.
Trevor Osborne giving presentation on 50 Years of Oil and Gas Offshore Corrosion Control Experience and Transfer of Technology to Offshore Renewables.
Cathodic protection,using impressed current systems have proved to be the most suitable and effective method of corrosion protection. This is now the preferred system for all off-shore wind farm constructions.
The ICorr Induction presentation was performed in September 26th at Aberdeen University by Zahra Lotfi, who is currently Aberdeen ICorr Branch (University Liaison and CPD Officer). This event was excellently organised and the related flyers were circulated well in advance with the support of Aberdeen University, with 35 Students attending on the day.
Dr. M. Amir Siddiq of the School of Engineering, kindly supported ICorr to schedule the Induction Talk just after his Subsea Integrity lecture. This co-operation between ICorr and Aberdeen University resulted in a brilliant turn out of new MSc students, as well as many returning students.
The presentation commenced with introduction to corrosion, corrosion cost, the importance of corrosion control/ mitigate/ monitor, consequents of corrosion with several real life examples of catastrophic failure due to corrosion in oil and gas and transportation, common corrosion degradation mechanisms in oil and gas and the co-operation of different engineering disciplines who can provide the integrity of an asset.
Photo: Presentation by Zahra Lotfi, (University Liaison and CPD Officer) to Aberdeen University Students on 26/09/2019.
The students were introduced to the Institute of Corrosion, its objectives, technical divisions, regional branches, trainings and qualifications provided by ICorr and the many benefits of ICorr membership (e.g. ICorr mentoring program to assist its members to achieve their Chartered Status) and how to apply for ICorr membership.
In addition, the students were familiarised with the work of Aberdeen ICorr branch, the activities calendar, its website and how the institute can assist students greatly in their continuous Professional Development (CPD).
At the Finale, questions on ICorr membership, chartered engineering requirements and local events were discussed in detail. It later continued with a further Q&A session while the students were enjoying eating Pizza provided by Aberdeen ICorr Branch.
Photo: Students enjoy ICorr Catering at Aberdeen University Presentation of 26/09/2019.
Future collaboration events between Aberdeen University School of Engineering and ICorr were also discussed with Dr. M. Amir Siddiq and Dr.Henry Tan.
Great ideas and thoughts were offered by Dr. Yunnan Gao (Immediate Past Chair) on how the students can involve themselves in ICorr activities e.g. by way of a poster presentation or to present their research project in greater detail, at upcoming Aberdeen ICorr Events.
Further details may be found at:
Past Technical Presentation Slides: https://sites.google.com/site/icorrabz/resource-center
Photo Gallery for the Past Events: https://sites.google.com/site/icorrabz/event-gallery
The Institute of Corrosion now have publications available for you to acquire Free of Charge upon requests, but postage will be charged of £5/edition within the UK. Some of the publication are quite old and may be out of print but it would be useful for research purposes etc.
The List of Corrosion and Corrosion Related Science and Technology book available are as follow;
|Corrosion Volumes 1 and 2
||L L Shrier
|Corrosion Guide 2nd Edition
||Library of Congress Catalogue No.6719853
||1968 Rare book Well used condition
|Corrosion & Control 2nd edition Introduction to Corrosion Science and Engineering
|H H Uhlig
|Corrosion and Protection of Metals
||4 papers Institute of Metals
||Fontana and Greene
||Library of Congress Catalogue No.
|An Engineers Approach to Corrosion
||Pitman and Sons Ltd.
|Protective Painting of Iron and Steel Structures
1st and 2nd Editions
|Fancutt and Hudson
||Chapman and Hall
The complete list of publication can be found on https://www.icorr.org/souces-of-information/
For Copy of the books, please email to email@example.com
The New Aberdeen Chair Stephen Tate welcomed attendees to its Annual Corrosion Awareness Event
The Aberdeen Branch opened its 2019-2020 session on 27/08/2019, with 2 linked events on MIC – Microbiologically Induced Corrosion.
Its well-attended Annual Corrosion Awareness Day (CAD) had a full day teaching programme on MIC Risks, Mitigations, Modelling and Bacterial Analysis, complimented by an evening visit the following week, to NCIMB Laboratories in Bucksburn and the National Collection of Industrial, Food and Marine Bacteria.
The CAD Event featured some excellent talks by ICR – Dr Carol Devine, the DTI – Danish Technological Institute – Dr Laura Tiano and Dr Lone Tang, from Shell – Mabel Ntim and from Key Sponsor ROSEN – Dr Ian Laing, Dr Daniel Sandana and Steven Loftus, (CAD Co-ordinator).
Dr Carol Devine opened the Teaching Programme with a fascinating insight into her career as a Microbiologist entitled “My Life in MIC”
Microbiologically influenced corrosion can have a major impact on operators’ CAPEX, OPEX and cause severe environmental damage.
A key aim of the CAD Workshop was therefore to improve understanding of complex MIC processes, detection of microbiological activity in Pipeline systems and management of MIC in the Pipeline Industry in particular, which has seen many Pipelines lost due to Internal Corrosion in the North Sea Sector.
Many Analytical techniques were discussed in detail, including qPCR (molecular) analysis, traditional culture based MPN (most probable number), NGS, (next-generation sequencing which has revolutionized biological sciences), Metagenomics, (the study of genetic material recovered directly from environmental samples), along with Pipeline In-Line Inspection Tools, (deploying a wide range of NDT methods), Internal Cleaning, Chemical Treatment and MIC Modelling Tools for corrosion rate determination.
A lively discussion followed with many valuable viewpoints expressed and with great inputs from the 4 participating Microbiologists.
It was emphasized to all CAD delegates, the need for an integrated approach to microbial monitoring, combining data from multiple techniques, together with taking a fully holistic approach to Pipeline Integrity Management.
Dr Ian Laing, Principal Corrosion Engineer of ROSEN discussed MIC Modelling / MIC Management and the vast range of specialist tools available for Cleaning and Intelligent Pigging
Advanced Intelligent Pigging and Cleaning Tools on Display from ROSEN – Key Event Sponsor
The NCIMB Event of 03/09/19, built on the previously weeks discussions, with a most informative Event led by Dr Daniel Swan who was previously Head of Platforms and Pipelines, (now the Genomics Pipelines Group) at the Earlham Institute in Norwich, (formerly The Genome Analysis Centre – TGAC).
NCIMB have 68 year’s experience of preserving, storing, distributing, analysing and exploiting micro-organisms and are the only privately owned, publicly viewable collection of bacteria in the UK.
A very comprehensive tour of the NCIMB Laboratories followed Daniel’s presentation and recommendations for effective Bacterial Monitoring Strategies, with everyone kitted out in protective clothing to view a wide range of practical demonstrations of Bacterial Sampling. Archiving and Determination.
Kyle Sim (Laboratory Assistant) of NCIMB explains the MPN Bacterial Sampling, Serial Dilution and Bacterial Counts to ICorr Attendees
A peek inside the NCIMB Vault – National Collection of Industrial Food and Marine Bacteria: with Samantha Law (Culture Collection Curator)
An example of collaboration between different Bacterial Data Sources and Counts that provides a more effective summary of Bacterial Contamination Status, (by Dr Daniel Swan).
The NCIMB Laboratories Team from L to R, Michelle Robertson (Analytical Services Manager), Dr Carol Phillips (CEO), Sheila Batchelor (Marketing Manager), Vikki Mitchell (Identification Services Manager), Julie Mackinnon (Senior Molecular Scientist), Maggie Bayliss (Inbound Sales Exec), Kyle Sim (Laboratory Assistant) and Dr Daniel Swan (NGS Services Manager)
This most interesting Industrial Visit to NCIMB, (the first of 2 in the 2019-2020 programme), generated very many questions, so many in fact the Event overran by nearly 90 minutes !
At the close of both Meetings, the new Aberdeen Chair, Mr Stephen Tate presented all speakers and organisers with Certificates of Appreciation from the Branch.
Looking ahead, the ICorr Aberdeen Branch will be hosting its annual joint event with TWI – The Welding Institute on 24/09/19 at RGU, which will discuss in detail Environmentally Related Cracking. This talk will cover the topic of SCC on Offshore assets with emphasis on Weldments and HISC issues.
Full details of future ICorr Aberdeen events can be found on the diary page of the magazine and on the website, or by contacting: ICorrABZ@gmail.com
Further photos of both Events may be found on the Aberdeen Branch Gallery:
CAD Event – 27/08/19
Industrial Visit – 03/09/19
Dr. Steve Paterson
The 2019 Paul McIntyre award has been granted to Dr. Steve Paterson. Steve obtained a B.Sc and Ph.D in metallurgy from Imperial College, London. He joined Shell International and over 34 years had an exciting journey in a variety of roles involving materials, corrosion, welding and integrity management. His experience covered the research, refining, chemical and oil and gas production sectors and he worked in the UK, Netherlands, Norway and Malaysia. Since retiring from Shell in 2017 Steve has worked as an independent consultant and is currently a part-time lecturer at Robert Gordon University where he teaches materials and corrosion, and corrosion management. The award will be presented at the Electrochem 2019 conference at Strathclyde University on Wednesday 28 August, 2019, during the Corrosion Engineering Division part of the meeting.