In a recently published study, the effect of a partial replacement of spherical zinc particles by stainless steel flakes (SSF) on the corrosion protection performance of a zinc-rich epoxy (ZRE) coating was studied. Salt spray test, open circuit potential, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and potentiodynamic polarisation tests were utilised to evaluate the anticorrosion performance of the coatings.
The results demonstrated that a partial replacement of zinc particles by SSF enhanced the anticorrosion properties of the ZRE coating, and the enhancement was attributed to the synergistic effects by increasing the coating impedance and extending the cathodic protection duration.
The study was published in Progress in Organic Coatings, Volume 163, February 2022.
According to a press release, the new OmniScan™ X3 64 flaw detector from Olympus, delivers improved power and performance to their phased array ultrasonic testing (PAUT) product line. This 64-channel instrument has the pulser capacity to drive phased array (PA) probes with a larger number of elements, increasing the data acquisition speed for total focusing method (TFM) imaging. Users can exploit its increased capabilities to expand and diversify their application portfolio.
The high portability and enhanced performance of the OmniScan X3 64 flaw detector increase inspection productivity. It can process TFM images up to four times as fast as its predecessor, yet comes in the same rugged and easily transportable box. On job sites with limited or restricted space, users will appreciate that the unit is compact and less cumbersome than other 64-channel devices. Inspectors can also remain on site longer and perform bigger scanning jobs without transferring data, thanks to the large 1 TB onboard storage.
Smaller defects are easier to distinguish using the flaw detector’s high-resolution PA and TFM imaging. Accommodating lower frequency probes, the OmniScan X3 64 unit can increase penetration in attenuative materials while reducing signal saturation. These improved detection capabilities assist monitoring for early-stage flaws, such as high-temperature hydrogen attack (HTHA), concluded the company.
For more details visit www.Olympus-IMS.com/phasedarray/OmniScan-X3.
According to the press release, the Novosound Belenus-X corrosion monitoring sensor has been certified for operation in ATEX, IECEx and UKEX Zone 0 locations. Designed and manufactured in line with international intrinsically safe standards, this latest certification extends the potential application of the Novosound Belenus-X to operate in areas where explosive gas atmosphere is present continuously or for long periods.
The Novosound Belenus-X is a permanently installed ultrasonic sensor enabling in-service corrosion monitoring in the most safety-critical and high-risk environments and capable of continuous operation up to 400°C. Combined with its high-resolution imaging capabilities, the Belenus-X provides process engineers with highly accurate wall thickness measurements.
Enabling continuous corrosion monitoring in hazardous areas, the Belenus-X provides plant operators with granular, high-quality and repeatable corrosion data that cannot be achieved with periodic manual inspections.
With the sensitivity to detect small changes in wall thickness, the Belenus-X enables the early and reliable detection of corrosion. This facilitates better maintenance planning and allows operators to carry out timely repairs, mitigating potential, costly damages. By enabling the move away from manual inspections, the safety risk to personnel when operating in hazardous locations is also reduced, concluded the company.
Ceresana has published their latest paints and coatings market survey. Chapter 1 presents and analyses the global market for paints and coatings – including forecasts up to 2030. The development of revenues, demand and production are outlined for each world region, and the market figures on consumption are divided according to applications, product types, and technologies. In addition, the regional markets for paints and coatings are broken downinto, and analysed by, the application, and the demand for each product type is examined separately. In Chapter 2, sixteen countries are analysed in detail according to demand of paints and coatings, export, import, production, and revenues.
The market data on consumption volumes per country are analysed according to the individual paint types, and technologies, e.g.
• Powder coatings
Finally, Chapter 3 offers a useful index of 119 major manufacturers of paints and coatings, clearly organised according to contact details, revenues, profits, product range, production sites and a brief company profile.
According to the press release, over the last decade, it has been established that chlorine-induced corrosion is affecting some of the major structures at NSW Ports, including Sydney Harbour and Port Botany, Australia’s largest container port.
As a result, NSW Ports commissioned Infracorr to design a CP system for use at BLB1, which is located at Port Botany and contains hazardous gas pipelines. The project also included the repair of defective concrete structures which were suffering from the effects of corrosion and concrete spalling in the many pre-stressed beams and headstocks of the various bridges and catwalks at the port.
The CP system needed to be designed to allow for tight control of the currents and voltages used across the site, due to the presence of hazardous materials in the environment on an ongoing basis, meaning that any stray sparks caused by excess voltages and currents could become an ignition source for a major fire or explosion, and that as many of the structures present are constructed using pre-stressed concrete, it was extremely important that all electrical currents applied were carefully controlled to avoid structural damage caused by over protection.
One of the big technical challenges for the project was that there was no off-the-shelf CP system available that had certification for use in zone 1 classified hazardous areas, which meant that a bespoke system had to be designed that met the cathodic protection objectives, including dealing with the challenge of prestressed concrete, and that could be certified to meet the necessary requirements under AS60079 regulations.
The system designed for use at BLB1 by Infracorr, was a hybrid CP system that combined the properties of both passive galvanic and impressed current cathodic protection. It works by inserting specially designed anodes directly into the structure in a matrix. A voltage is then applied to force salt migration from the steel to the anode and passivate the zone, and when the zone is sufficiently charged, the power source is disconnected, and the sacrificial anodes are left to operate galvanically, providing passive protection to the structure.
The system relies on remote monitoring technology to provide asset managers with ongoing reassurance that it is operating as intended, and corrosion levels are under control, and to deliver this, Omniflex were asked to advise on the remote monitoring aspects of the design.
Because this was the first large scale implementation of hybrid CP used in a working hazardous area anywhere in the world, some components needed certification for the design to meet the requirements of AS60079 as an intrinsically safe certified system, which was subsequently obtained.
System performance and corrosion levels are continuously monitored 24/7 using 24 remote monitoring units situated throughout the site, each with the capacity to monitor 16 structures. This should ensure that the integrity of BLB1 is maintained, and the berth remains reliable and available to handle NSW’s growing bulk liquid trade volumes for the next 50 years. For further information, visit www.omniflex.com
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